Why needed

 Information scarce

 Scientific investigation

 Single principle theorists

 Many moralities theorists

 Drop moral philosophy
 and develop moral
 science theorists

 20th century emotivists

 Mechanical

 Phylogenic

 Genetic

 Intentional

 Criteria for a model

 Organismic/Personalistic

 General systems theory

 Emergent ethical theory

 Stages

 Thema

 Key points

For the future

 

From the Historical Collection of the work of Dr. Clare W. Graves of William R. Lee, March 2001

 

1959

 

Thus emergent ethical theory hypothesizes that ethical behavior develops with time and conditions through a definable series of stages. The stages are seen as pre-programmed in a somewhat MacDougalian instinctive sense. Each stage is dependent for its emergence, upon certain Dynamical states in the brain which are released by certain life circumstances. It represents that when certain phenomenological conditions arise in the life of a person, a clan, a society or possibly a nation that a certain form of ethical behavior will be associated with these phenomenological conditions.

 

The theory suggests that under life circumstances A{c}, when dynamical system A{d} is met with releasor conditions A{r} that the ethical state of affairs A will arise. Stage A would be one or no morality. When phenomenological conditions change and factors B{lc}, B{d} and B{r} are present the M thema of ethical behavior will arise. Then as factors C{lc}, C{d} and C{r} come to exist ethical behavior based on the N thema will emerge, etc., possibly ad infinitum, possibly to some final end. It hypothesizes that each emerging ethical system after the first amoral stage, has a basic thema with specific values as to what is right and wrong in behavior stemming from this thema. In particular circumstances each ethical system may emphasize some values of

the thema and may minimize other values. Each ethical system may, if conditions are right, develop its normally preprogrammed form or it may, depending on conditions, become a monstrum in excessu or a monstrum in defectu.

 

The theory proposes, also, that the N system of ethics always follows the M system with the O system to follow the N and the P system to follow O, etc. But the theory allows for variation from the M to N thema. 

 

It does propose that in the beginning of manís emergence from animal like to human-like behavior the first ethical thema by which we will live will be M. But, it proposes also, that in another set of life circumstances, at the same level of emergence that M thema will be particularized as M-1, a variant on the thema M. These thematic variations must be hypothesized to be consistent with the concept of dynamic brain systems because dynamic systems consist of sub-family dynamic systems wherein each is in contact with all other dynamics systems. Thus, the intellectual system, the motivation system, the feeling system, the perceptual system and the ethical system are all in contact. Therefore, if changes in one are not sufficient to restructuralize thoroughly the others the resultant is a variation on the thema of the moment rather than the emergence of a new thema. And, new thema emerge only if the change in one system is so great as to restructuralize all others. 

 

An example of the latter would be the arisal of new intellectual insights enable certain humans to make the problem of survival relatively assured. Such a change, in a dynamic family, would be sufficient to spontaneously reorganize all other sub-families and would be sufficient to move those humans to the next ethical developmental stage. All of the previous ideas as to what is right in behavior and what is wrong in behavior do not necessarily change as manís ethical concepts

evolve from the M thema and later in time to the O thema. Not all values change. Some of the specific values of the B-M system of ethics will remain as part of the C-N system. Also, when the D-O system of ethics arises there will be carry over of B-M values but the amount of carry over of B-M values will be less in the D-O system than in the C-N system. Thus it is hypothesized that there are values good for man when he is operating at a particular dynamic level, values which are good for man at any time, in any place, in any circumstance. But, there are two further aspects of this theory, the most complicated aspects of all which are yet to be covered. They derive from

the principles of primary and recency in human behavior and from the conception of monstrum in excessu, monstrum in defectu, and the possibility of perfection of a system.

 

 

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