LEVELS OF EXISTENCE – THERE IS A PATTERN
Research to date provides numerous examples to show clearly
eight levels of human existence and others that can be seen only
in dim outline. [1, 2] The definable levels and some of their
managerial aspects are shown in Figure 1. Table 1 briefly
describes each level (see references 1, 2 for more complete
|Table I –
Levels of Existence
only by imperative periodic physiologic needs
- hunger, sleep – seeks individual bodily function
stability through automatic responses.
No concept of time, distance, causality, awareness of
social (“tribal”) stability. Explains existence in
dichotomous way – good-bad, taboo, superstition. Dim
awareness of self, which is merged in “tribe,”
believes “tribal” way is inherent in nature of things
task of daily life to simply continue what has enable the
tribe, and therefore self, to be.
conscious of lone self-existence. Life is a jungle, only
survive. Proud, lustful, aggressive, look out for self above
all others, might is right.
Prove self through heroic deeds – if successful, one is
“chosen” – a “have” and has the right to do
anything to anyone or anything. The “have-nots” failed
in bold venture or never tried – they deserve
nothing and should submit to the
“haves”. Open and unabashed aggressive expression
of individual lusts by the “haves”,
more covertly and deviously by the “have-nots”.
are prescribed for everyone and all things. Obedience and
submission to the “order-of-things” is the price
of a secure, lasting life. The world is seen as orderly,
predictable, and unchanging – based on the predestined
order set down by some external, often extra human
authority. It is ones duty to
accept the order-of-things, do no question, struggle,
or explore - security comes through
sacrifice and submission.
overriding concern is to control the world about one for personal ends. Exploration, discovery,
questioning limits, calculated risks,
rationality, efficiency, and accomplishment are all means to
control or manipulate.
In a cold pragmatic way all tools are used as appropriate
– dishonesty, deceit, and deception are employed as
required. One is capable of learning
the skills and required techniques – the self made
individual. All things are
economic – everything has a price. Never ruthless – it
doesn’t pay. Controlled expression of ambition, greed,
lust – too open allows others to Manipulate, be discreet
and never too trusting. Go it alone if necessary.
self to others and to ones inner self is central. Being
liked and with others is more important than material gain
or power. Ready to go along with whatever everyone else in
the group thinks is best. Strong need
to be accepted, therefore, accepts others
unquestioningly. Group membership is greatly valued – all
individual values, morals, concepts, and ethics are derived
from the group and can change overnight. Any non-group
individual, thing, or concept has no valid claim to any
consideration beyond what the group grants. Group processes,
consensus, majority rule, and sensitivity training are
is for oneself and the world one exists in.
Informationally oriented, pragmatic, seeks to do the
“best” possible given the information on the current
situation. Values and concepts are derived from current
information. Motivation is from within – seeks a sense of
personal competence. Those having the information of current
situation should lead, as situation changes so should leader
– revolving leadership pattern. No longer motivated by
fear of survival, fear of God, pursuit of materialistic
ends, fear of
social disapproval – quietly confident of own
capabilities to survive, come what may. Free of compulsions
and anxieties of previous levels. A truly cooperative
individual, seeing the interdependence of all things, has no
need for destructive, individual competition; but capable of
cold ruthlessness if the situation requires.
experience has shown this person that no matter how much
information is available, one can never know or understand
all things. Wonder, awe, reverence, humility, unity, and
simplicity are valued. Reality can be experienced, but never
known. Insists on an atmosphere of trust and respect.
Resists coercion and restrictions in a quiet, personal way
– never in an exhibitionistic manner. Avoids relations in
which others try to dominate – seeks not to dominate
others, but can provide firm direction as required.
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